Title: Highly reversible Li2RuO3 cathodes in sulfide-based all solid-state lithium batteries
Authors: Yuqi Wu, Ke Zhou, Fucheng Ren, Yang Ha, Ziteng Liang, Xuefan Zheng, Zhenyu Wang, Wu Yang, Maojie Zhang, Mingzeng Luo, Corsin Battaglia, Wanli Yang, Lingyun Zhu, Zhengliang Gong * and Yong Yang*
Abstract: The practical application of high-capacity lithium-rich cathode materials in lithium-ion batteries has been largely restricted by severe side reactions with electrolytes. Herein, we report a highly stable lithium-rich Li2RuO3 cathode by forming a passivating solid electrolyte interphase at the interface with a sulfide solid electrolyte such as Li6PS5Cl in all-solid-state lithium batteries (ASSLBs), which efficiently suppresses serious parasitic interfacial reactions and fast-increasing interfacial impedance normally observed in liquid electrolytes. The exceptionally high interfacial stability of the Li2RuO3/sulfide electrolyte interface contributes to a high reversible capacity of 257 mA h g−1 of Li2RuO3 at 0.05C rate, and unprecedented cycling stability with 90% capacity retention after 1000 cycles at 1C rate. Comprehensive experimental characterizations and first-principles calculations disclose that electronically insulating interfacial reaction products forming at the interface between the Li2RuO3 cathode and Li6PS5Cl facilitate the formation of a stable and passivating interphase and block the continuous side reactions. Importantly, reversible oxygen redox activity of Li2RuO3 is well-maintained in this configuration of ASSLBs even after 600 cycles, thus the common voltage decay of the Li-rich material is also significantly reduced. These new discoveries demonstrate the critical role of interface design for achieving prolonged cycling stability of lithium-rich cathode materials.