[Small methods] 我室孙世刚教授发表论文:Engineering the Near‐Surface of PtRu3 Nanoparticles to Improve Hydrogen Oxidation Activity in Alkaline Electrolyte

发布日期:2021年02月02日   浏览次数:

我室孙世刚教授在 Small methods 上发表论文:Engineering the Near‐Surface of PtRu3 Nanoparticles to Improve Hydrogen Oxidation Activity in Alkaline Electrolyte

摘要:Tailoring the near‐surface composition of Pt‐based alloy can optimize the surface chemical properties of a nanocatalyst and further improve the sluggish H2 electrooxidation performance in an alkaline electrolyte. However, the construction of alloy nanomaterials with a precise near‐surface composition and smaller particle size still needs to overcome huge obstacles. Herein, ultra‐small PtRu3 binary nanoparticles (<2 nm) evenly distributed on porous carbon (PtRu3/PC), with different near‐surface atomic compositions (Pt‐increased and Ru‐increased), are successfully synthesized. XPS characterizations and electrochemical test confirm the transformation of a near‐surface atomic composition after annealing PtRu3/PC‐300 alloy; when annealing in CO atmosphere, forming the Pt‐increased near‐surface structure (500 °C), while the Ru‐increased near‐surface structure appears in an Ar heat treatment process (700 °C). Furthermore, three PtRu3/PC nanocatalysts all weaken the hydrogen binding strength relative to the Pt/PC. Remarkably, the Ru‐increased nanocatalyst exhibits up to 38.8‐fold and 9.2‐fold HOR improvement in mass activity and exchange current density, compared with the Pt/PC counterpart, respectively. CO‐stripping voltammetry tests demonstrate the anti‐CO poisoning ability of nanocatalysts, in the sequence of Ru‐increased ≥ PtRu3/PC‐300 > Pt‐increased > Pt/PC. From the perspective of engineering a near‐surface structure, this study may open up a new route for the development of high‐efficiency electrocatalysts with a strong electronic effect and oxophilic effect.

文章链接:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smll.202006698